"Khaybar" is one of the provinces of Madinah region, taking its name from the provincial
capital, "city of Saudi Khaybar " that was established instead of "old Khyber, " well known city in the history of the Arabian Peninsula and Islamic history. Today, " Khyber" comprises the following eight centers: "AlSsalsala," and "Al-Ashash," "Al-thamad," "Al- Ayeenah," "Echarah," "Jadaa," "Mr.Karimi," "Al-Hafira" and "Al-Arabid."
The "city of Saudi Khaybar " was established immediately after its accession to the third Saudi state in 1341 AH following the establishment of the province and the Court of Khyber on the twelfth of October of that year. Citizens gathered in the "city of Saudi Khaybar" after they were living in old historic villages situated on the banks of the "Valley of the Khaybar" of thick palm forests and surrounded by bush forests crossed by ongoing fountains.
No sooner the nineties of Hijra (about 1399-1400 AH) ended, a massive migration the people of the "old City of Khaybar, which was founded in the early days of Saudi age, started towards the "city of modern Khaybar ."This migration was accompanied by a qualitative shift of life in the city of Khaybar, from mud-made and crowded old buildings, to a modern space with trendy neighborhoods and paved streets, and high standards services.
Khyber is located between latitudes 22.35 and 26.30 north and longitude 40.35 and 38.30 in the east, and is crossed by the international road transit from Madinah to Tabuk, then to the northern border of Saudi Arabia. It is about 170 km north from Madinah, over a very broad area the average height of which is about 850 meters above sea level, with an estimated population of about 57 905.