Monday 21 April 2014
CollegesCommuinity College - Khaybar

Khaybar..the History and the Palms



 
 Khaybar
 

 Khaybar… and the Nation:

 
"Khaybar" is one of the provinces of Madinah region, taking its name from the provincial
capital, "city of Saudi Khaybar " that was established instead of "old Khyber, " well known city in the history of the Arabian Peninsula and Islamic history. Today, " Khyber" comprises the following eight centers: "AlSsalsala," and "Al-Ashash," "Al-thamad," "Al- Ayeenah," "Echarah," "Jadaa," "Mr.Karimi," "Al-Hafira" and "Al-Arabid."
The "city of Saudi Khaybar " was established immediately after its accession to the third Saudi state in 1341 AH following the establishment of the province and the Court of Khyber on the twelfth of October of that year. Citizens gathered in the "city of Saudi Khaybar" after they were living in old historic villages situated on the banks of the "Valley of the Khaybar"  of thick palm forests and surrounded by bush forests crossed by ongoing fountains.
No sooner the nineties of Hijra (about 1399-1400 AH) ended, a massive migration the people of the "old City of Khaybar, which was founded in the early days of Saudi age, started towards the "city of modern Khaybar ."This migration was accompanied by a qualitative shift of life in the city of Khaybar, from mud-made and crowded old buildings, to a modern space with trendy neighborhoods and paved streets, and high standards services.
Khyber is located between latitudes 22.35 and 26.30 north and longitude 40.35 and 38.30 in the east, and is crossed by the international road transit from Madinah to Tabuk, then to the northern border of Saudi Arabia. It is about 170 km north from Madinah, over a very broad area the average height of which is about 850 meters above sea level, with an estimated population of about 57 905.   
      
 
 
 
 

                  Khaybar and History:

 
Khaybar is deeply rooted in history. Many historical sources maintained that the first inhabitants of Khyber are the "Giants" of the perishing Arabs. It is one of the areas annexed by the Babylonian King  with "Taima" and "Deedan" and others, about 539 BC.As indicated in the same historical sources that some Jews lived in Khaybar after the Roman invasion of Al-Sham and the dispersal of the Jews who had fled to many places including the Arabian Peninsula where they settled in Khaybar and Yathrib (Madinah Monawarah).
In the seventh year of Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) knew about the conspiratorial role played by the Jews of Khaybar in the Battle of Al-Ahzab so he prepared an army to conquer khaybar in Muharram of that same year. Jews hid in impenetrable fortresses, but the invasion ended in the conquest of Khaybar and the fall of the last Jews bastions, who had surrendered and asked the Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him) to forgive them and let them stay in Khaybar. The prophet (peace be upon him) consented under the condition that they work in Khaybar as laborers. However, the Jews broke the Covenant during the succession of Umar Ibn Al-Khattab by killing one of the prophet's companions,"Mathehar Ibn Rafii Al-Harithy." Caliph "Omar Ibn Al-Khattab" excluded them out of Khyber definitively.
 
 
 
 
 Khaybar… and Palms:                             
                   
 The most obvious features of Khaybar, the overcrowdedness of its valleys and palm forests which has become a slogan representing Khaybar. The flow of fountain streams and land fertility in the valleys of Khaybar has the greatest impact on gathering people on the banks, which made the Khaybar a long-standing migration habitat for many of the clans , tribes and people who are working in agriculture and raising livestock.
 
 
 
 
 
                        Khaybar and Education: 
 
Education in Khaybar goes back sixty-five years ago. The first public school for boys in Khaybar was settled in 1366 AH for girls in 1378.
The number of Public schools in  Khaybar about 50 schools for boys and girls with more than 5300 students. Faced with such a large number of students, two offices of education for boys and girls were established to directly supervise and develop the conduct of the educational process in schools.
On the eve of the year 1430, Community College of Khaybar was established under the recommendation of the University Council  which was presented to the Board of Higher Education that took the following resolution:
Approval to  establish Community College of Khaybar with the following departmets:
1 - Department of Medical Sciences and their Technologies.
2 - Department of Computer  Sciences and their Technologies .
3 - Department of Engineering Sciences and  their Technologies.
4 - Department of Financial and Administrative Sciences and their Technologies.

The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Prime Minister and Chairman of the Board of Higher Education – may God protects him- Has approved the minutes of the meeting of Higher Education on 30/12/1429 AH.
With this novice college , a new era and a qualitative leap of education is set up  by introducing higher education. It comes as response from the Government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques to the demands of the people of the province, and to meet their needs for educational services, research and community service which is one of the most important services provided by institutions of higher education.
  

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